Randomness (r_ness) wrote,

Quick attempt to compile a list of old cities with large numbers of transit stops.

A couple of notes on this compilation:
  • I used Wikipedia. It has its limitations, but I wanted something I could put together fast.

  • Specifically, I started from Wikipedia's List of metro systems, because it has an easily sortable list.

  • I chose number of stations, not system length, or ridership, or even opening date, because the particular item of interest in this map is the station names.

  • To get city founding dates, I looked at the Wikipedia page "History of (city)" where there is one, the city page if not. Again, limitations. But again, fast.
Here's the list of all cities with a hundred or more metro stations, with the total number. Where there are multiple systems operating, I give the total of all systems listed under that city name in the Wikipedia list.

New York City: 456 (including the New York City Subway, Staten Island Railway, and PATH)
Seoul: 377 (all operators, but not including Incheon)
London: 315 (including DLR, which the preceding map does not include)
Paris: 303
Madrid: 300
Tokyo: 293 (including Tokyo Metro, Toei Subway, and Rinkai Line, but not Yokohama)
Shanghai: 263
Beijing: 232
Moscow: 196
Mexico City: 195
Berlin: 173
Chicago: 145
Barcelona: 141
Delhi: 137
Shenzhen: 131
Guangzhou: 130
Busan: 128
Osaka: 123
Santiago: 108
Singapore: 105
Vienna: 104
Milan: 103
Taipei: 103
Stockholm: 100

Of these, only eleven were in existence as a city in 1014, although not necessarily under their current names: Seoul, London, Paris, Madrid, Beijing, Barcelona, Delhi, Guangzhou, Osaka, Vienna, and Milan.

A number of fairly old cities just fail to make the cut: Oslo, founded around 1000 CE, has 97 stations. Nanjing, founded in 495 BCE, has 92 stations. It'll likely have eight more built within a couple of years. Chongqing is also eight stations shy of a hundred, and is also likely to break a hundred soon. Hamburg has 91. It was repeatedly destroyed between 810 and 993 CE (and later, for that matter), but evidence exists to support it having been around before 1014.

Founding dates for many cities are just estimates, so the cutoff is quite arbitrary. So is the cutoff of a hundred stations. Finally, just what constitutes a metro system is something endlessly debated on the list's talk page. (Seriously. The list has eighteen pages of talk archives.)

(Edited for slightly more clarity, I hope.)
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